When an airplane performs aerobatic maneuvers, its wings are typically turned outward. This allows the plane to fly in an incredibly low-flying manner.
However, this can cause structural damage to the plane. That is why the FAA only permits certain aerobatic maneuvers to certified aircraft.
In addition, aircraft in the experimental category must have successfully completed phase I flight testing to be eligible to perform such maneuvers.
In addition, an aircraft can only perform these maneuvers if they meet the maximum load requirements. Any excess load will cause the plane to stall, damage the airframe, and even result in a fatal accident.
Pilots of tailwheel airplanes must be more sensitive to roll and yaw effects. They must be very aware of the yaw/roll effect of their aircraft’s attitude during takeoff and landing.
It is important to note that tailwheel aircraft will roll readily upon application of the rudder, and this may cause a swerve if the tail is too low. As a result, the pilot must have close coordination between the stick and the rudder to avoid a swerve.
Another important factor in aerobatic plane design is the ability to perform precise maneuvers.
Many basic maneuvers are impossible in aircraft with V-, T-, or H-shaped tails. Because of this, aerobatic planes are usually designed with conventional tab-shaped tails.
This allows the pilot to perform many advanced maneuvers with extreme precision.
They often fly upside-down and may spend some time in the air.